How to avoid gender discrimination when writing in English?

Academic writing is considered to be quite rigorous, so there are a number of rules to follow when using it. One problem area for many language learners is gender issues in speech.

In order to be consistent with academic speech, words indicating a particular gender should be replaced by more gender-neutral words. In this way it is possible to avoid gender bias and to be as tactful as possible.

For example, the words person, people, humankind can be used instead of humanity. There are also a number of recommendations related to professional designations that end in -man or -woman (e.g. policeman, actress). They should preferably be replaced with police officer, actor and other gender-neutral words. Translating words for women into English also requires clarification. Terms like weather girl should be avoided and reporter should be used instead.